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By T. V. Evans

The trendy rediscovery of the Greek and Latin papyri from Egypt has reworked our wisdom of the traditional international. we can't, in spite of the fact that, make an analogous declare within the particular quarter of language research. even supposing very important reports of the language of the papyri have seemed sporadically over the last century, we're nonetheless dealing this day with a linguistic source of notable richness which has hardly ever started to be explored. each scrap of papyrus and each ostracon (potsherd) or capsule unearthed has the capability to alter a few element of ways we predict concerning the Greek and Latin languages. This e-book display that power, via accumulating jointly essays from seventeen students who current various views and methodological ways. The Language of the Papyri charts present instructions of overseas learn, and also will offer a stimulus for destiny work.

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Claud. II 236, ll. 4–6 cq›xom ìı j ôcí çÜ#Øí ‹ôØ ŠºÆjâÆ åD ïPŒ ÆYºÆâÆ. Write me the message ‘I have acquired’ or ‘I haven't acquired. ’ 22. O. Claud. II 259, ll. 6–8 lekg#›jty #oi ðåæd zí #ïØ KíåôåغÜjìÅí (an fascinating third-person structure). Do look after the issues I informed you to do. 23. O. Claud. II 249, ll. 6–8 (Plate 6. three) cq›xym j ðåæd ôB# #ïôÅæßÆ# #ïı. KææH#ŁÝ #å åhå[ïìÆØ]. j pe†lxym ìïØ ìØŒŒeí ŒÜæäÆìøí äØa ¸ïª[ªAôï#]. _ 14 for instance P. Mich. VIII 479, ll. 9–10 (a letter of Claudius Terentianus): ŒÆºH# ïsí ðïØÞ#åØ# ôÆåýôåæüí ìïØ Imticq›xai ðåæd ôB# #øôÅæßÆ# #ïı. P. Oxy. LIX 3998, eleven. 25–6: ŒÆºH# ï[sí] ðïØ[Þ#]åØ# kabEm ôa YäÅ. See additionally P. Mich. VIII 481 (Claudius Terentianus). _ _ _ __ Imperatives and different Directives 107 Plate 6. three. O. Claud. II 249: Letter from Petenephotes to Valerius Write to me approximately your overall healthiness. i'm hoping you're good. ship me a bit watercress15 via Longas. the apparent relevant may also take an extra conditional clause. an evidence for the request should be additional to boot, and it truly is, in truth, very common within the ostraca letters (24; word the infinitive ðÝìłå). usually the conditional clause provides a definite measure of politeness to the letter (25, the place ðÝìłå is perhaps an important, and 26): 24. O. Claud. II 275, ll. 3–7 Ijc¸qa#¸m ìïØ ôåìÜåØÆ j ŒÆd de# ÚåغºAôØ OíÅjºÜôfiÅ Kðd åN# `Yªıðjôïí ŁÝºï ðÝìłå. purchase me sliced fish and provides it to the donkey-driver Achillas, simply because i would like to ship it to Egypt. 25. O. Claud. II 241, ll. 5–10 eN Œb Ijðe ŁÆºÜ##Å# oPj KmÞmojwi#, le†ca pqAcla qm j eN g‘c¸qafe# ìïØ Iðe j ˚ºÆıäØÆíïF jad pe†ljxe ôïF KìïF åƺŒïF. 15 The that means of ŒÜæäÆìïí could be ‘watercress’ (íåæïŒÜæäÆìï in sleek Greek). 108 Martti Leiwo no matter if you had no longer introduced any from the ocean, it might be fabulous for those who received from Claudianus, and ship for my funds. 26. O. Claud. II 242, ll. 3–5 ½# Kam he†kg – #, ¼äåºçå, #ðïıjäÆßø# NåŁýäØÆ íÅæÜ, ‹#Æ Kaí j äýífiÅ, poßg#om KíååŁBíÆØ. if you want, brother, have clean fish introduced urgently, as many as you could. a robust emphasis should be received with word-order. this type of topicalization can occasionally be very heavy, as within the letter from Apollonopolis Magna by means of a decurio Herennius Antoninus, the place the item with its modifiers is fronted two times within the similar letter: 27. O. Florida 2. 3–11 tem ui“em toF ´akame† o# tem Km tHi j #jope†ky — flmta lijq¸m, eNpº ty — Ð j dejamy — Ð i” ma Imt’ aPtoF b›kg – j meamß#jom. Kªg ªaæ ŒÆd KíåjôغÜìÅí ðåæd ÆPôïF ÆPôHØ. j ŒÆd tem pacamem tem jatajauj#amta ´ ta hqua ´ Kíªf# ôïF ðæÆØj#Øäßïı ŒÆØíïF pe†lxom j ðæe# KìÝ. because the son of Balaneus who's within the watchtower is a boy, converse to the dekanos in order that he may well position a tender guy in his stead; for I even have despatched orders to him approximately him. And ship to me the civilian who set hearth to the reeds close to the hot praesidium. three. three. KæøôH, KæøôÅŁåß#, and different Requests a typical kind of request used to be made with the verb KæøôH. This idiom was once borrowed from Latin (see Dickey in bankruptcy thirteen) and used to be used among equals in addition to among assorted ranks. The KæøôH took as its supplement both an infinitive, a paratactic critical (28), or different buildings, for instance, a subjunctive brought by way of ¥íÆ, a paratactic subjunctive, or a paratactic destiny indicative (29) (see Dickey).

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