By Ron Field
After many years of anti-slavery job in 19th century the United States, the Abolitionists came across a hero who martyred himself, leading to the yank Civil War.
On October sixteen, 1859 John Brown led a small "army" of 18 males, inclusive of thirteen whites and 5 blacks, into Harpers Ferry, Virginia. 3 different contributors of his strength shaped a rearguard at a close-by Maryland farm. A veteran of the violent struggles among professional- and antislavery forces in Kansas in the course of 1855-56, Brown meant to impress a normal rebellion of African americans that might result in a uprising opposed to slavery. The raiders seized the Federal constructions, together with an armory and arsenal, and lower the telegraph wires. even though, they did not observe that additional guns have been got rid of to defense after flooding on the corridor Rifle manufacturing unit. awaiting neighborhood slaves to affix them, Brown and his males fortified themselves within the fireplace Engine apartment whereas the well-armed townspeople surrounded the construction. The raiders and the civilians exchanged gunfire, and 8 of Brown's males have been killed or captured. by means of first light on October 18, a battalion people Marines lower than the command of destiny accomplice commander Brevet Colonel Robert E. Lee, with First Lieutenant James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart as moment in command, stormed Brown's place in a fireplace engine condo and captured or killed so much of his strength. 5 of the conspirators, together with Brown's son Owen, escaped to security in Canada and the North. seriously wounded and brought to the penal complex in Charlestown, Virginia, John Brown stood trial for treason opposed to the commonwealth of Virginia, for homicide, and for conspiring with slaves to insurgent. On November 2, 1859, a jury convicted him and sentenced him to loss of life. Brown conveniently accredited the sentence and declared that he had acted in keeping with God's commandments. Responding to power rumours of additional uprising and written threats, Henry A. clever, governor of Virginia, known as out the country defense force to protect opposed to a potential rescue of Brown and his fans. Brown used to be hanged in Charlestown later that day, with John Wilkes sales space and Thomas (later "Stonewall") Jackson between those that witnessed the event.
The Harpers Ferry raid proven for plenty of Southerners the lifestyles of a frequent Northern plot opposed to slavery. in truth, Brown had raised cash for his raid from Northern abolitionists. To arm the slaves, he ordered 1000 pikes from a Connecticut manufactory. Letters to Governor clever betrayed the combined emotions humans held for Brown. For a few, he used to be easily insane and shouldn't be hanged. For others, he used to be a martyr to the reason for abolition, and his speedy trial and execution mirrored the terror and conceitedness of the Virginia slave-owning aristocracy. Many Northerners condemned Brown's activities yet inspiration him correct in his conviction that slavery needed to finish. the toilet Brown Raid on Harpers Ferry and his execution extra polarized North and South and made an answer of the slavery factor crucial to the nationwide debate which eventually resulted in Civil conflict in 1861.