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By David Sacks

From technology to faith, politics to arithmetic, and paintings to medication, there are only a few components of our glossy lives that aren't ultimately suffering from classical Greece. Encyclopedia of the traditional Greek global offers interdisciplinary assurance of this influential civilization.

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M. Kraay, “The Earliest factor of Ambracia,” Numismatica e antichità classiche 6 (1977): 35–52; ———, “The Coinage of Ambracia and the Preliminaries of the Peloponnesian War,” Numismatica e antichità classiche eight (1979): 37–59; V. Karatzeni, “Ambracia throughout the Roman Era,” in L’Illyrie méridionale et l’Epire dans l’antiquité, three. Actes du IIIe Colloque foreign de Chantilly, 16–19 octobre 1996, edited through Pierre Cabanes (Paris: De Boccard, 1999), 241–247. Amphiaraus See SEVEN opposed to THEBES. Amphictyonic League This confederation of other peoples in vital Greece used to be equipped initially round the temple of DEMETER at Anthela (near THERMOPYLAE) and later round the very important sanctuary of APOLLO at DELPHI. The league’s identify derives from the Greek amphictiones, “dwellers round. ” The 12 member states incorporated THESSALY, BOEOTIA, LOCRIS, and PHOCIS. The league maintained its sanctuaries, protecting typical conferences of individuals’ delegates and elevating and administering cash. It was once the league, for example, that controlled Delphi’s PYTHIAN video games. 28 Amphipolis extra interpreting: Anthony Yannacakis, Amphictyony, Forerunner of the United international locations (Athens, 1947). Amphipolis This Athenian colony is found close to the north Aegean coast of the non-Greek zone referred to as THRACE. positioned approximately 3 miles inland, Amphipolis (“surrounded city”) stood on a peninsula jutting into the Strymon River. initially a Thracian city had occupied the location. The Athenian colony used to be confirmed in 437 B. C. E. , after a failed test in 462 B. C. E. , while local Thracians massacred the settlers. Amphipolis managed the neighborhood bridge around the Strymon and therefore the east-west path alongside the Thracian coast, in addition to the north-south riverine path to the internal. As a neighborhood alternate depot, Amphipolis used to be an incredible resource of sure uncooked fabrics exported to ATHENS. between those have been GOLD and SILVER ore (mined from Thrace’s Mt. Pangaeus district) and doubtless SLAVES, bought as battle prisoners from the feuding Thracian tribes. Shipbuilding trees was once one other important neighborhood product, and it sounds as if Athenian warships have been developed correct at Amphipolis. In 424 B. C. E. , throughout the PELOPONNESIAN struggle, town was once captured with out a struggle by way of the bright Spartan commander BRASIDAS. In 422 B. C. E. , on the conflict of Amphipolis, Brasidas and the Athenian chief CLEON have been either killed because the Athenians attempted unsuccessfully to retake town. Thereafter Amphipolis remained past Athenian regulate. Captured through King PHILIP II of MACEDON in 357 B. C. E. , it turned a Macedonian urban and coinminting heart. After ROME’s ultimate defeat of Macedon within the 3rd Macedonian battle (167 B. C. E. ), Amphipolis handed into Roman fingers. a big archaeological monument close to the positioning is the titanic Lion of Amphipolis, a grave marker erected within the 300s B. C. E. See additionally THUCYDIDES (1). extra analyzing: Oscar Broneer, The Lion Monument at Amphipolis (Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard collage Press, 1941). amphora See POTTERY. Anacreon (ca. 575–485 B.

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